All throughout 2021, our programme continued to provide valuable insights into the health impact of multiple environmental exposures during early childhood (i.e. the exposome). For example, we found that tobacco smoke and indoor air pollution are associated with faster biological ageing, cognitive function and behavioural problems in children. These studies also associated fast food and crowded conditions at home with cognitive function, while road density, less sleep, unhealthy diets and exposure to lead and copper were associated with behavioural problems (1-3).


In another series of studies, we found that urban exposures such as air pollution, traffic, noise and lack of green spaces affect a range of child health outcomes, including cognitive and motor function, blood pressure and obesity (4-7). In addition, exposure to ubiquitous pollutants such as PFASs, mercury and organochlorine pesticides were associated with inflammation and cardiometabolic and liver health through childhood and adolescence (8-11).

  1. de Prado-Bert P. Environ Int.
  2. Julvez J. Environ Pollut.
  3. Maitre L. Environ Int.
  4. Binter AC. Environ Int.
  5. Warembourg C. Environ Int.
  6. de Bont J. Environ Int.
  7. de Bont J. Int J Obes.
  8. Stratakis N. Hepatology.
  9. Güil-Oumrait N. Environ Int.
  10. Papadopoulou E. Environ Int.
  11. Montazeri P. Int J Hyg Environ Health.

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